The 6 Components Of A Healthy Parrot Diet

The 6 Components Of A Healthy Parrot Diet

 January 1st, 2010
Posted By:

Military Macaw

Of all of the things you thoughtfully do for your parrot, your first consideration must be for its diet.  I can’t stress this enough.  Without well balanced nutrition, a parrot’s general health will gradually decline, vitamin deficiencies will leave it susceptible to illness and disease and its life span will be decreased.  An unhealthy parrot is temperamental and may not want to be a part of family activities. If your parrot doesn’t feel well and energized, no amount of love, enrichment or interaction will do him much good.  A sickly parrot simply cannot enjoy a good life.  These are the priorities:

Clean water:

A birds water bowl should be changed everyday at least once.  Parrots shake off a lot of dander and powder and their high activity levels tend to blow it everywhere including their drinking water.  Many parrots are food dunkers and like to soak their seed, pellets and veggies in their water bowl to make them more palatable.  Parrot soup.  This rather disgusting practice makes for some really messy water, which sits around harboring bacteria as the day goes on.  Keep an eye on the water and replenish as necessary.

Hyacinth Macaw

The cleanliness of the water bowl is as important as the water itself.  No matter how many times you put fresh water into a contaminated bowl, the water itself will become contaminated.  Wash the bowl with hot, soapy water each time you change it making sure to clean inside rims, ridges and corners for any residue, or worse, slime.

Ideally, bottled water is the best choice, but in many cities tap water is fine.  If humans can drink it, our parrots can tolerate it as well.  I don’t recommend distilled water, unless you have a bird that has that requirement, such as the toucan.  One the one hand, distilled water is a great cleanser and detoxifier, if used short term.  On the other, the process of distillation removes natural minerals from the water, but it will absorb minerals from the body as it passes through.  If used over a long period of time it can deplete the body.  Best to stick with plain old water, unless your vet recommends otherwise.

Fresh fruits and veggies:

A variety of fresh foods, served everyday, is an essential part of your parrot’s diet. There is nothing else in his diet that will guarantee a balance of the essential nutrients like a variety of vegetables.  Fruits are wonderful too, but some are very high in sugar and lesser in nutritional value.  For instance, grapes are yummy and most parrots love them because they are sweet, but they don’t benefit the diet in any great way with comparison to some other foods.

Congo African Grey Parrot

I give a green vegetable (green beans, broccoli etc.), dark leafy greens (kale, turnip greens etc.) and an orange vegetable (carrots, sweet potato etc.) everyday.  If they elect to eat one of these, I am happy.  In addition, I throw in one or two of any number of vegetable or fruits that are available seasonally.Corn and peas are another big hit with the birds, but they are also higher in sugar and lower in nutritional value, so offer them less frequently.

Do your best in this area and don’t skimp.  There might be a lot of waste in the beginning, but when they start eating good foods regularly, the payoff is huge.  Be creative in your attempts to getting them on the road to health.  Think of fun and clever ways to present them with new foods to try.

Try your hand at sprouting.  Not only are sprouts THE most nutritious fresh food you can offer because it is a living plant and at it’s peak nutritional value, but some birds that are stuck on seeds have actually made a conversion to veggies using sprouts as incentive.  It’s easy, and really kind of fun too!

Organic pellets from


Since not all parrots have an appetite for the things that are best for them, I consider pellets to be my backup plan for good nutrition. Just like anything on this list, pellets alone cannot sustain all of a parrot’s dietary needs.  If you have a bird that is finicky with veggies, or has previously been on an all-seed diet, pellets should be offered as a staple and always available.  They will make up for the deficiencies in your parrots poor dietary choices.

Some parrots enjoy their pellets so much that they will opt to eat them instead of fresh foods.  In these cases especially, a limited number of pellets, hidden in foraging toys throughout the cage, is a good plan.  This way, they aren’t just there for the taking, and they can benefit in other ways from the enriching activity of foraging.

When selecting a brand of pellet, always opt for the best ingredients, which is usually an organic brand like Feed Your Flock.  If your parrot refuses these, try another until you land on one he likes.  Some of the colored pellets, which are not the best choice because of the dyes and sugars added, might be a starting place.  Just be sure to try to get him onto something healthier once he has accepted the idea of a pelleted diet.  I would rather see a parrot eating a lesser quality pellet than none at all.


Pasta, cooked grains and legumes:

Enriched, whole wheat or veggie pasta, brown rice, cooked barley, millet or quinoa are great examples of nutritious foods that most any parrot will enjoy.  When cooked and served warm it’s a wonderful winter treat.  My favorite thing about these foods is that it is so easy to slip in an untried veggie.  Since I know that they are going to go for the warm brown rice, I mash up a little squash, or add a little chopped spinach into the rice of those birds who might be reluctant to try it otherwise.

I frequently buy a 16 bean soup mix for my birds from the supermarket.  I soak the beans over night.  In the morning, I rinse them well, cook and serve them warm.  The rest, and there’s quite a bit, goes into the freezer for later use.  There’s a lot of variety in these mixes and the birds love it.

Congo African Grey Parrot

I don’t offer any of these foods everyday, mainly because they are preferred and interfere with the consumption of other foods offered. But as a food group, it has an important place in the overall diet of my birds.

Quality seed mix:

Seed should not be a staple in the diet of all birds.  In fact, I believe that most of the larger birds should only receive it as a treat and if your parrot has been weaned from an all seed diet, I would not offer it at all.  Most of the small birds, those whose natural diets include seed, should have seed in their captive diets.

There are many to choose from, and they are all adapted to the species of your bird.  Many are fortified with vitamins and minerals. The problem with commercial seed is that it is without any regulation, meaning that just about anything can go into it without consequences to the manufacturer.  Further, a lot of it has been sitting in a warehouse for a year or so before shipping to the stores.  The seed is considerably compromised nutritionally by the time you get it home.  I recommend you make you own seed mix from human grade grains you can get in the bulk section at Whole Foods.  A good way to test to see if your current mix is fresh is to try sprouting some on a damp paper towel.  If they sprout, they’re fresh.

Healthy parrot snacks:

I include snacks in this list, not because they are essential to the diet, but because they are part of a parrot’s diet, and part of what makes life good.  Please notice that I have used the term “parrot snacks”, meaning snacks that are intended for parrots.  There are so many on the market today to choose from that there really isn’t any reason to resort to human goodies.  Most of the snack foods humans indulge in are not good for them, which might be exactly the reason that they are so good.  Parrots are equally as guilty of this misguided logic and will snarf down a bag of chips and leave the squash to rot.

Birdie breads are a great way to sneak nutrition into a food disguised as a snack.  Make wise choices for your parrot and offer treats in small quantities and only once the important foods have been eaten.  And no, french fried potatoes do not qualify as a daily serving of vegetables. You can get the recipe to a healthy birdie bread muffin recipe when you order a bag of organic pellets by Feed Your Flock.

Facebook comments:

Add New Comment

17 Comments on “The 6 Components Of A Healthy Parrot Diet”

Eva  03/20/2010 12:45 pm

is there a best vegatable and fruit to feed birds?

Patty  03/20/2010 11:51 pm

Hi Eva,
Generally speaking, the fruits and veggies with the deepest, richest color tend to be highest in nutrients and antioxidants. Think dark leafy greens, any orange veggie, red chili peppers, mango, papaya…

Asif  06/07/2012 10:15 am

Jamie And dave are the best 🙂

Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your
site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

Carole  02/04/2014 11:04 pm

I’ve watched the webinar about my Grand bird an African Grey nipping and not wanting to get on my hand. My daughter left him and his sister a cockatiel with me and I’m trying to do my best with him although my daughter is the mother. Gizmo, the Grey will kiss her and love her but I can’t get him on my hand and he won’t fly to me. I would love to have my breakfast with him. He talks all the time but has the fear of being out of his cage and about the house. I am trying to wean him off seed and he seems to like vegies such as carrots, green beans, apple, peas and almonds. I am in the process of getting him to eat pellets. I read about putting toys around his food to get him used to being unsteady but he’s so frightened of new things in his cage. I don’t want to add anymore fear in him and toward me. Am I doing the correct things?

Patricia Kenyon  10/06/2014 5:56 pm

I found this very informative and having signed up in the past with chet Womack, I don’t know why I didn’t look at the diet you have suggested. I have conures and a blue and gold macaw. Thank you for sharing everything with us and making the information accessible.

hassam  12/14/2014 5:09 am

i want to ask you that i have two green parrot who given 3 eggs last year but they break his eggs please tell me the solution ..

Ankita N  03/23/2015 10:46 am

Thank you so much! The information was really useful. I own an Indian ringneck and the thing is he loves the Indian food a lot. He likes rice too i.e. Rice seeds and we do give him biscuits. Is that okay? He is not much of a veggie type parrot. If there’s anything more i need to know, do help me out. He is 2-3 yrs old and has not many feathers. What can I do to improve his health?

Christina Esterly  04/20/2015 9:39 am

Help! Our Amazon is 17 yes old. We’ve had him 7 months. He refuses to eat veggies & fruits and organic pellets. He literally runs away from anything but nasty Walmart seeds he was raised on. We’ve tried mixing in pellets with seed and transitioning. Seems he’s rather starve than succumb to health food. We know he’s not getting proper nutrition but what do we do?????

Joanna  04/21/2015 3:44 pm

Should you cook the veggies or give raw veggies?

Bunny  06/05/2015 10:19 am

I have a conure, double yellow headed amazon, grey,caique and a parrotlet. I want make sure I’m feeding them the very best diet. Can all eat the same veggies and fruits?.

Bunny  06/05/2015 10:43 am

. I want make sure I’m feeding them the very best diet. Can all eat the same veggies and fruits?.

Karen  06/08/2015 7:31 pm

Hi guys, I live in Australia and can’t purchase feed your flock food. Do you know of a great pellet diet in Australia?

Jamieleigh  06/23/2015 4:01 pm

You could try TOPS or Harrisons, both you can order online.

Linda  08/04/2015 3:44 pm

My veterinarian says I shouldn’t give my African Grey any nuts at all. Is it generally accepted that nuts are harmful for parrots?

Kim  09/01/2015 9:36 am

I bought the mid-bird wild bird seed mix from The Sprout People and my galah just loves it. How often can I feet her the sprouts?

[…] The 6 Components Of A Healthy Parrot Diet […]