Reading Your Bird's Leg Band

Reading Your Bird’s Leg Band

 March 25th, 2013
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Q: My cockatiel has a ring on its leg with letters and numbers on it. What is it for?

– Beverly F., Staten Island, NY

A: The ring is called a leg band and it is intended as a means to identify your bird’s place of origin as well as some other information.

The practice of banding began in North America a couple of hundred years ago by field researchers in an effort to keep track of the populations of wild migratory birds and local flocks.

In later years, as parrots became popular pets in North America, their importation (as well as all other bird species) began being carefully tracked by USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). Imported birds often bring with them the diseases that are prevalent in their native habitats and following an outbreak of psittacosis in the early 1900s, the US clamped down on bird importation and finally set a ban on it in 1992.

Because banding is practical, safe and non-invasive to a bird, you almost never see a bird in the company of humans without one. There are two kinds of legbands that are relative to us as parrot owners:

  • The closed leg bands that we see on parrots indicate that it has been captive bred. This band is an unbroken ring that is slid onto the small leg of hatchling and becomes a permanent fixture once the bird has reached maturity.
  • The open band, a rounded split ring that is placed on the leg of an adult bird, indicates that it was at one point detained in an importation station. A bird with an open band was either brought into the country as a wild caught bird prior to the importation ban, or was transported as a pet from another country and stayed in the importation station during a period of quarantine.

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Because there are so many leg bands on so many birds for so many different reasons, it makes sense that each should bear markings that make them distinguishable from all others. Eventually, early in the leg band’s history, a much needed system began to develop using numbers and letters that revealed information about the wearer’s origins.

Unfortunately the system is not yet a universal one within the breeding community. The closed bands we see on most companion birds do not always carry the same information. The breeder’s ID code, the year of hatching and an ID# assigned to the bird may or may not all appear on a band.

Unless the bands were supplied to the breeder through a parrot society, such as the AFA (American Federation of Aviculture), there are no standards for the information that is contained on them. There are many breeders out there doing things in their own ways because there isn’t a system to follow that has been set in stone.

Usually, there are letters that identify the breeder’s state that can give you a starting point for investigation.

The open band is by far the easier to track. Importation stations are either USDA owned (most are closed now) or privately owned (but supervised by the USDA), meaning that there are only two band code systems to consider and each relates to a limited number of importation stations throughout the country (less than 100 compared to the thousands of breeders using closed bands.)

A USDA band will always carry the letter USDA followed by 2 or 3 letters that identify the state, and city if more than one station exists in that state. It will be followed by 3 or 4 identifying numbers, for example: USDAM 1234. This traces back to a station in Miami.

A quarantine band from a privately owned station will always have three letters followed by three numbers, such as CRO 123. The first letter indicates the state is California, the second letter IDs the station and the third letter and the following three numbers identify the bird.

If you are looking for information about your bird’s leg band you may be hitting a brick wall, especially if it is a closed band. There are a few places you can go for assistance:

  • LegBandNumbers – a Yahoo group that is all about the leg band.
  • Pampered Peeps  – for a long list of breeder IDs.
  • Bird Mag – a complete list of parrot societies and breeder information.

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19 Comments on “Reading Your Bird’s Leg Band”

carol gelfand  04/05/2013 2:43 pm

severes leg band was cutting into her leg so i had it removed bur i saved it and it says GL 7 90. i dont know what GL stands for. i think 90 is the year she was born. anyone know?

Kay Young  04/05/2013 6:47 pm

What is the best way to remove a band from my tiny Gouldian Finch’s leg. One of her toes keeps getting caught in it, even though I’ve trimmed her nails way back.

Susan Hollis  04/08/2013 9:19 pm

Hi I got my budgie from Tarro NSW Australia & his band numbers & letters are CBC / 3 799
can anyone tell me more information about that please or where I can find out what the Green band means

Sharon  04/09/2013 6:12 pm

Hooties has an import band from a quarantine station in Florida.The vet let me know on his first visit.He also told me there was o way to tell Hooties age.I sure wish I could find out maybe this site could help?

laura  04/02/2015 5:31 pm

what does AZ mean on the leg band of a parrot

Name (required)  04/09/2015 6:23 am

CO49719 my parrot (amazon) ring but I dont understand about it please help me write my mail

gillian sanders  05/16/2015 2:45 am

Hi, my blue Amazon parrot has 20-4-2 on her foot ring, can anyone tell me what this means? Thanks

Stephen  07/04/2016 11:52 am

I found an open band Amazon with three letters and 3 numbers. What next? The above tells me “what” it is, does not then tell me “where” to go, or what to do next. Steve 561-352-6967

Gizzy  10/11/2016 7:31 pm

I saw a parrot with a leg band silver and blue band it has BR fl (the fl is sideways after the BR) 2408. Any ideas??

Bob Kuzel  10/15/2016 1:27 pm

My bird is a cockatoo with green closed leg band band has nys and pws then the number 2 anyone know what it means?

Jaran Pruett  11/18/2017 3:45 pm

My parakeet has a leg band that is a closed gold band that says HP 16 8672 what do they mean???
My email is
I was told she was 4 months when i bought her from daddieos pets
Any info will be greatly appreciated

Brad Robbins  11/19/2017 5:40 pm

Leg bands starting with HJV probably come from Howard Voren from Loxahatchee Florida. He passed away a few years ago. He was a pioneer in the bird world. Produced 10’s of thousands of birds. Probably hard to get any information now that hes gone.

Suzanne Hale  11/21/2017 11:29 am

My Jenday conure we just adopted from someone the bracelet says it”SPA 12 FL 346″ Does anyone know what the bracelet means?

Ray  01/07/2018 1:02 pm

Can u tell me what az 03 179nb 15 means

Melissa Ward  01/24/2018 7:03 pm

Colors by major band companies determine year through a seven to twelve year cycle. The letters are first to state then to breeder. Numbers I’d bird if they follow standard rules. Sideways is usually state. I’m looking up a crimson bellied conure with a really hard to read jy 392 it might be a Jr but it looks more like jy with some bad crimp marks on a closed band. Best of luck finding your birds bands! I know that if yours is registered with the international species information system aka Isis for parrots for short it might be there.

Charolette  02/25/2018 4:25 pm

I have a female ring necked parrakeet that I hand fed for a couple of weeks after I got as a baby , she is wearing a closed red band with fbn fl 102 on it I googled there was no listing found, does the 102 at the mean the month and year she was hatched i never wrote down the actual date and year I got her, I know she came from a person who went to flea markets and bought animals to sell to other people.

ahmed habib  04/30/2018 3:28 am

i have a sun conure , the tag says FAM 65 4 6(17) , the (17 is small side ways under the 6 ),
could you translate it for me?

Anne Potter  04/30/2018 5:34 pm

My cockatoo has the round band number LTBB 41 9

Nancy  05/19/2018 2:50 pm

I am fostering an Amazon that had an open ring band on its left leg. The vet removed it. It says FBO 235. Any idea what that means?